Extinct Species

We are seeing Wildlife being extinct in an ever increasing speed.

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List of Extinct Mammals:

This is an incomplete list of historically known extinct mammals. Many of these animals have become extinct as a result of human hunting, for food or sport, or through the destruction of habitat.

Marsupials

 Thylacine
 Broad-faced Potoroo
 Lesser Bilby

Sirenians

  • Steller’s Sea Cow (1768), Commander Islands

Rodents

 Bulldog Rat

Cetaceans

 Chinese River Dolphin
  • Baiji (2006, China) (officially listed as functionally extinct; it is possible that a few aging individuals still survive)

Artiodactyls

 Aurochs

Carnivores

 Javan Tiger

List of extinct animals of Africa

Mammals

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Atlas Wild Ass
Equus africanus atlanticus
300 North Africa
Canary Islands Giant Rats
Canariomys bravoi and Canariomys tamarani
Before 1500 AD. Spain (Canary Islands) Canary Islands Giant Rats
Giant Aye-aye
Daubentonia robusta
1000 AD. Madgascar
Giant Fossa
Cryptoprocta spelea
Unknown Madgascar Giant Fossa
Hipposideros besaoka 10000 BC. Madgascar
Homotherium
Homotherium sp.
10000 BC. Africa Homotherium
Koala Lemur
Megaladapis sp.
1420 AD. Madagascar Koala Lemur
Lava Mouse
Malpaisomys insularis
Before 1500 Spain (Canary Islands)
Malagasy Aardvark
Plesiorycteropus sp.
200 BC Madagascar
Malagasy Hippopotamus
Hippopotamus sp.
1000 AD. Madgascar Malagasy Hippopotamus
Megalotragus
Megalotragus sp.
10000 BC. Africa Megalotragus
North African Elephant
Loxodonta africana pharaoensis
300 AD. North Africa North African Elephant
Pelorovis
Pelorovis sp.
2000 BC. Africa Pelorovis
Sivatherium
Sivatherium sp.
6000 BC. Africa Sivatherium

Recent Extinctions (1500 to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Atlas Bear
Ursus arctos crowtheri
1870s North Africa Atlas Bear
Aurochs
Bos primigenius
Unknown (Africa),
1627(Europe)
North Africa Aurochs
Bluebuck
Hippotragus leucophaeus
1799 South Africa Bluebuck
Bubal Hartebeest
Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus
1923 North Africa Bubal Hartebeest
Cape Lion
Panthera leo melanochaitus
1860 South Africa Cape Lion
Cape Serval
Leptailurus serval serval
Unknown South Africa
Cape Warthog
Phacochoerus aethiopicus aethiopicus
1900 South Africa
Ethiopian Amphibious Rat
Nilopegamys plumbeus
1927 Ethiopia
Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox
Pteropus subniger
Early 1800s Mauritius and France (Reunion) Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox
Quagga
Equus quagga quagga
August 12, 1883 Namibia and South Africa Quagga
Red Gazelle
Eudorcas rufinaa
1894 Algeria
Robert’s Lechwe Unknown South Africa
Western Black Rhinoceros
Diceros bicornis longipes
1996 Cameroon Western Black Rhinoceros

Birds

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Alaotra Grebe
Tachybaptus rufolavatus
1985 Madagascar Alaotra Grebe
Aldabra Brush-warbler
Nesillas aldabrana
1983 Seychelles
Ascension Flightless Crake
Mundia elpenor
1656? United Kingdom (Ascension) Ascension Flightless Crake
Ascension Night Heron
Nycticorax olsoni
1600s United Kingdom (Ascension)
Broad-billed Parrot
Lophopsittacus mauritianus
1680 Mauritius Broad-billed Parrot
Canary Islands Oystercatcher
Haematopus meadewaldoi
1940 Spain (Canary Islands) Canary Islands Oystercatcher
Canary Islands Quail
Coturnix gomerae
Unknown Spain (Canary Islands)
Delalande’s Coua
Coua delalandei
1834 Madagascar Delalande's Coua
Dodo
Raphus cucullatus
1662 Mauritius Dodo
Eastern Canary Islands Chiffchaff
Phylloscopus canariensis exsul
1986 Spain (Canary Islands)
Elephant Bird
Aepyornis sp.
1600s Madagascar Elephant Bird
Large Saint Helena Petrel
Pseudobulweria rupinarum
Unknown United Kingdom (Saint Helena)
Madeiran Wood Pigeon
Columba palumbus maderensis
1924 Portugal (Madeira)
Mascarene Coot
Fulica newtoni
1693? Mauritius and France (Reunion) Mascarene Coot
Mascarene Parrot
Mascarinus mascarinus
1834 France (Reunion) Mascarene Parrot
Mauritian Duck
Anas theodori
1690s Mauritius and France (Reunion)
Mauritian Shelduck
Alopochen mauritianus
1690s Mauritius and France (Reunion)
Mauritius Blue Pigeon
Alectroenas nitidissimus
1830s Mauritius Mauritius Blue Pigeon
Mauritius Grey Parrot
Psittacula bensoni
1764 Mauritius and France (Reunion)
Mauritius Night-Heron
Nycticorax mauritianus
Late 1600s Mauritius
Mauritius Owl
Mascarenotus sauzieri
1850 Mauritius Mauritius Owl
Newton’s Parakeet
Psittacula exsul
1875 Mauritius Newton's Parakeet
Red Rail
Aphanapteryx bonasia
1700s Mauritius Red Rail
Réunion Flightless Ibis
Threskiornis solitarius
Early 1700s France (Réunion) Réunion Flightless Ibis
Réunion Gallinule
Porphyrio coerulescens
1730 France (Réunion) Réunion Gallinule
Réunion Kestrel
Falco duboisi
1700s France (Reunion)
Réunion Night-Heron
Nycticorax duboisi
1700s France (Reunion)
Réunion Owl
Mascarenotus grucheti
1700s France (Reunion)
Réunion Pigeon
Nesoenas duboisi
1705 France (Reunion)
Réunion Shelduck
Mascarenachen kervazoi
1690s France (Reunion)
Réunion Starling
Fregilupus varius
1850s France (Réunion) Réunion Starling
Rodrigues Night-Heron
Nycticorax megacephalus
1750s Mauritius Rodrigues Night-Heron
Rodrigues Owl
Mascarenotus murivorus
1750s Mauritius
Rodrigues Parrot
Necropsittacus rodericanus
1750s Mauritius Rodrigues Parrot
Rodrigues Rail
Erythromachus leguati
1750s Mauritius Rodrigues Rail
Rodrigues Solitaire
Pezophaps solitaria
1778 Mauritius Rodrigues Solitaire
Rodrigues Starling
Necropsar rodericanus
1750s Mauritius Rodrigues Starlingg
Saint Helena Crake
Porzana astrictocarpus
Early 1600s United Kingdom (Saint Helena)
Saint Helena Cuckoo
Nannococcyx psix
late 1700s United Kingdom (Saint Helena)
Saint Helena Dove
Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos
After 1502 United Kingdom (Saint Helena)
Saint Helena Hoopoe
Upupa antaios
Early 1500s United Kingdom (Saint Helena) Saint Helena Hoopoe
Saint Helena Rail
Porzana astrictocarpus
After 1502 United Kingdom (Saint Helena)
Seychelles Parakeet
Psittacula wardis
1886 Seychelles Seychelles Parrot
Small Saint Helena Petrel
Bulweria bifax
After 1502 United Kingdom (Saint Helena)
Tristan Moorhen
Gallinula nesiotis
late 1800s United Kingdom (Tristan da Cunha) Tristan Moorhen

Reptiles

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Voay
Voay robustus
100s AD. Madagascar Voay

Recent Extinctions (1500 to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Cape Verde Giant Skink
Macroscincus coctei
1920s Cape Verde Cape Verde Giant Skink
Domed Mauritius Giant Tortoise
Cylindraspis triserrata
Early 1700s Mauritius
Domed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise
Cylindraspis peltastes
1800s Mauritius Domed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise
Eastwood’s Long-tailed Seps
Tetradactylus eastwoodae
1912 South Africa
Hoffstetter’s Worm Snake
Typhlops cariei
Unknown Mauritius
Mauritian Giant Skink
Didosaurus maurtianus
1650 Mauritius
Mozambique Centipede-eater
Aparallactus nigriceps
Unknown Mozambique
Réunion Giant Tortoise
Cylindraspis indica
1840s France (Reunion) Réunion Giant Tortoise
Rodrigues Day Gecko
Phelsuma edwardnewtoni
1917 Mauritius Rodrigues Day Gecko
Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard
Gallotia simonyi simonyi
1930s Spain (Canary Islands) Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard
Round Island Burrowing Boa
Bolyeria multocarinata
1975 Mauritius
Saddle-backed Mauritius Giant Tortoise
Cylindraspis inepta
Early 1700s Mauritius
Saddle-backed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise
Cylindraspis vosmaeri
1800s Mauritius Saddle-backed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise

Fish

  • Aplocheilichthys sp. nov. ‘Naivasha’
    1970s, Kenya
  • Barbus microbarbis
    Unknown, Rwanda
  • Pantanodon madagascariensis
    Unknown, Madagascar
  • Ptychochromis onilahy
    1962, Madagascar

Mammals

  • Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox, Pteropus subniger (1862)

Birds

  • Réunion Shelduck, Alopochen kervazoi (c.1690s)
  • Réunion Pochard, Aythya cf. innotata (c.1690s)
  • Réunion Night Heron, Nycticorax duboisi (late 17th century)
  • Réunion Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis solitarius (early 18th century)
  • Réunion Kestrel, Falco duboisi (c.1700)
  • Réunion Rail, Dryolimnas augusti (late 17th century)
  • Réunion Swamphen, Porphyrio coerulescens (mid-18th century)
  • Réunion Pink Pigeon, Streptopelia duboisi (c.1700)
  • Réunion Parakeet, Psittacula eques eques (mid-18th century)
  • Mascarene Parrot, Mascarinus mascarinus (1834?)
  • Réunion Owl, Mascarenotus grucheti (late 17th century?)
  • Bourbon Crested Starling, Fregilupus varius (1850s)

Reptiles

  • Mauritius skink (Leiolopisma mauritiana) (1600)
  • Réunion Giant Tortoise, Cylindraspis indica (1800)

List of extinct animals of Asia

Mammals

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Asian Sivatherium
Sivatherium giganteum
8000 BC. Indian Subcontinent and Middle East Sivatherium
Cave Lion
Panthera leo spelaea
10000 BC Northern Asia Cave Lion
Chinese Elephant
Elephas maximus rubridens
1500 BC. Eastern China
Cyprus Dwarf Hippopotamus
Hippopotamus minor
Unknown Cyprus Cyprus Dwarf Hippopotamus
Elasmotherium
Elasmotherium sp.
10000 BC. Northern Asia Elasmotherium sibiricum
Giant Tapir
Megatapirus augustus
2000 BC. China Giant Tapir
Irish Elk
Megaloceros giganteus
8000 BC Northern Asia Irish Elk
Stegodon
Stegodon florensis insularis
2150 BC. Indonesia (Flores) Stegodon
Steppe Wisent
Bison priscus
11000 BC Central Asia to Siberia Steppe Wisent
Syrian Elephant
Elephas maximus asurus
100 BC. Middle East Syrian Elephant
Woolly Mammoth
Mammuthus primigenius
2000 BC. Northern Asia Wolly Mammoth
Woolly Rhinoceros
Coelodonta antiquitatis
10000 BC. Northern Asia Woolly Rhinoceros

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Aurochs
Bos primigenius
India (9000 BC), Eurasia (1627) Northern Asia and Indian Subcontinent Aurochs
Baiji
Lipotes vexillifer
August 2004 Yangtze River, China Baiji
Bali Tiger
Panthera tigris balica
1937 Indonesia (Bali) Bali Tiger
Buhler’s Coryphomys
Coryphomys buehleri
1500s Indonesia (Timor)
Caspian Tiger
Panthera tigris virgata
1970s Turkey to China Caspian Tiger
Caucasian Moose
Alces alces caucasicus
1850s Caucasus Mountains, Iran and Turkey
Caucasian Wisent
Bison bonasus caucasicus
1925 Caucasus Mountains Caucasian Wisent
Cebu Warty Pig
Sus cebifrons cebifrons
Unknown Philippines
Flores Cave Rat
Spelaeomys florensis
1500s Indonesia (Flores)
Flores Long-nosed Rat
Paulamys naso
1500s Indonesia (Flores)
Formosan Clouded Leopard
Neofelis nebulosa brachyura
1990s Taiwan Formosan clouded leopard
Hokkaidō Wolf
Canis lupus hattai
1889 Japan (Hokkaidō) Hokkaidō Wolf
Honshū wolf
Canis lupus hodophilax
1905 Japan (Honshū) Honshū wolf
Ilin Island Cloudrunner
Crateromys paulus
April 4, 1953 Philippines
Indian Javan Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis
Before 1925 Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), and India Indian Javan Rhinoceros
Japanese River Otter
Lutra lutra whiteleyi
1979 Japan Japanese River Otter
Japanese Sea Lion
Zalophus japonicus
1974 East Sea Japanese Sea Lion
Javan Tiger
Panthera tigris sondaica
1970s Indonesia (Java) Javan Tiger
Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis
Unknown Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), and India Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
Queen of Sheba’s Gazelle
Gazella bilkis
1951 Yemen
Saudi Gazelle
Gazella saudiya
Unknown Arabian Peninsula
Schomburgk’s Deer
Rucervus schomburgki
1938 Thailand Schomburgk's Deer
Steller’s Sea Cow
Hydrodamalis gigas
1768 Russia (Commander Islands) Steller's Sea Cow
Sturdee’s Pipistrelle
Pipistrellus sturdeei
Unknown Japan (Bonin Islands)
Verhoeven’s Giant Tree Rat
Neofelis nebulosa brachyura
1500s Indonesia (Flores)
Vietnamese Javan Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus
2010 Vietnam to Malaysia Vietnamese Javan Rhinoceros

Birds

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Arabian Ostrich
Struthio camelus syriacus
1942 Middle East Arabian Ostrich
Asiatic Ostrich
Struthio asiaticus
10000 BC Middle East to Central Asia Asian Ostrich
Bonin Grosbeak
Carpodacus ferreorostris
1828 Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Grosbeak
Bonin Nankeen Night Heron
Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris
1889 Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Nankeen Night Heron
Bonin Thrush
Zoothera terrestris
1827 Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Thrush
Bonin Wood Pigeon
Columba versicolor
1889 Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin Wood Pigeon
Bennu Heron
Ardea bennuides
2000 BC United Arab Emirates Bennu Heron
Cebu Hanging Parrot
Loriculus philippensis chrysonotus
Unknown Philippines (Cebu) Cebu Hanging Parrot
Cyprus Dipper
Cinclus cinclus olympicus
1950 Cyprus
Mukojima White-eye
Apalopteron familiare familiare
1930 Japan (Bonin Islands) Mukojima White-eye
Ryukyu Kingfisher
Todiramphus miyakoensis
1887 Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
Ryukyu Wood Pigeon
Columba jouyi
1936 Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
Spectacled Cormorant
Phalacrocorax perspicillatus
1850 Russia Spectacled Cormorant

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Black-browed Babbler
Malacocincla perspicillata
1843 to 1848 Indonesia
Crested Shelduck
Tadorna cristata
1985 Japan, North Korea and South Korea Crested Shelduck
Himalayan Quail
Ophrysia superciliosa
1876 India Himalayan Quail
Javan Lapwing
Vanellus macropterus
1940 Indonesia (Java) Javan Lapwing
Negros Fruit Dove
Ptilinopus arcanus
1953 Philippines Negros Fruit Dove
Pink-headed Duck
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
1950s Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar) and India Pink-headed Duck
Rück’s Blue Flycatcher
Cyornis ruckii
1918 Indonesia (Sumatra)
Siau Scops Owl
Otus manadensis siaoensis
1866 Indonesia (Sulawesi)
Slender-billed Curlew
Numenius tenuirostris
1998 Russia (Siberia) Slender-billed Curlew
Sulu Bleeding-heart
Gallicolumba menagei
1891 Philippines Sulu Bleeding-heart
Vaurie’s Nightjar
Caprimulgus centralasicus
1929 China
White-eyed River Martin
Pseudochelidon sirintarae
1980 Thailand White-eyed River Martin

Reptiles

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Colossochelys atlas
Colossochelys atlas
10000 BC. Indian Subcontinent to Indonesia Colossochelys atlas

Amphibians

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Nannophrys guentheri 1882 Sri Lanka Nannophrys guentheri
Pseudophilautus adspersus 1886 Sri Lanka Philautus adspersus
Pseudophilautus dimbullae 1933 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus eximius 1933 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus extirpo 1882 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus halyi 1899 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus hypomelas 1876 Sri Lanka Philautus hypomelas
Pseudophilautus leucorhinus 1856 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus malcolmsmithi Unknown Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus nanus 1869 Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus nanus
Pseudophilautus nasutus 1869 Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus nasutus
Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus 1872 Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus
Pseudophilautus rugatus 1927 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus temporalis 1864 Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus temporalis
Pseudophilautus variabilis Unknown Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus variabilis
Pseudophilautus zal Before 1947 Sri Lanka
Pseudophilautus zimmeri 1927 Sri Lanka
Yunnan Lake Newt
Cynops wolterstorffi
1979 China (Yunnan) Yunnan Lake Newt

Fish

  • Acanthobrama hulensis 1975, Israel
  • Cyprinus yilongensis Unknown, China
  • Gokce Baligi
    Alburnus akili, 1998, Turkey
  • Siamese Flat-barbelled Catfish
    Platytropius siamensis, 1975-1977, Thailand

Mammals

  • Aurochs, Bostaurus primigenius primigenius (Unknown date)
  • Tarpan, Equus cabalus gmelinni (Unknown date)
  • Caucasian Moose,[1]

Locally extinct species

  • Asiatic Lion, Panthera leo persica (10th century)

 

List of extinct animals of South America

Mammals

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Amazonian Smilodon
Smilodon populator
10000 BC. Northern South America Amazonian Smilodon
Antifer
Antifer crassus
11000 BC. Argentina, Brazil and Chile
Arctotherium
Arctotherium sp.
11000 BC. South America Arctotherium bonariense
Canis nehringi 8000 BC. South America
Cuvieronius
Cuvieronius sp.
4000 BC. South America Cuvieronius
Dire Wolf
Canis dirus
11000 BC. South America Dire Wolf
Ground Sloths
Catonyx
Eremotherium
Glossotherium
Lestodon
Megatherium
Nematherium
Nothrotherium
Scelidotherium
6000 BC. South America Eremotherium
Glyptodontidaes
Doedicurus
Eleutherocercus
Glyptodon
Hoplophorus
Lomaphorus
Panochthus
11000 BC. South America Glyptodon
Hippidion 10000 BC. South America Hippidion
Macrauchenia
Macrauchenia sp.
10000 BC. South America Macrauchenia
Neochoerus
Neochoerus sp.
10000 BC. South America
Stegomastodon
Stegomastodon sp.
10000 BC. South America Stegomastodon
Stout-legged Llama
Palaeolama mirifica
10000 BC. South America
Theriodictis
Theriodictis sp.
11000 BC. Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay
Toxodon
Toxodon sp.
16500 BC. South America Toxodon platensis
Xenorhinotherium
Xenorhinotherium bahiensis
10000 BC. Brazil and Venezuela

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Candango Mouse
Juscelinomys candango
1960 Brazil
Caribbean Monk Seal
Monachus tropicalis
1952 Caribbean Sea Caribbean Monk Seal
Darwin’s Rice Rat
Nesoryzomys darwini
1929 Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Falkland Island Wolf
Dusicyon australis
1876 United Kingdom (Falkland Islands) Falkland Island Wolf
Indefatigable Galapagos Mouse
Nesoryzomys indefessus
1930s Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Machu Picchu Arboreal Chinchilla Rat
Cuscomys oblativus
1500s Peru
Red-bellied Gracile Opossum
Cryptonanus ignitus
1962 Argentina

Birds

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Colombian Grebe
Podiceps andinus
1970 Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Darwin’s Ground Finch
Geospiza magnirostris magnirostris
1957 Colombia
Niceforo’s Pintail
Anas georgica niceforoi
1952 Colombia
Red-throated Wood-rail
Aramides gutturalis
1843 Peru Red-throated Wood-rail

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Antioquia Brush Finch
Heliangelus zusii
1971 Colombia
Bogota Sunangel
Heliangelus zusii
1907 Colombia
Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
1939 (South America), 1962 (North America) Brazil and Argentina Eskimo Curlew
Glaucous Macaw
Anodorhynchus glaucus
1960s Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay Glaucous Macaw
Hooded Seedeater
Sporophila melanops
1823 Brazil
Letitia’s Thorntail
Discosura letitiae
1852 Bolivia Letitia's Thorntail
Táchira Antpitta
Grallaria chthonia
1956 Venezuela
Turquoise-throated Puffleg
Eriocnemis godini
1850 Colombia and Ecuador Turquoise-throated Puffleg

Amphibians

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Atelopus ignescens Unknown Ecuador Atelopus ignescens
Atelopus longirostris 1989 Ecuador
Atelopus vogli 1933 Venezuela
Spiny-knee Leaf Frog
Phrynomedusa fimbriata
1920s Brazil

Reptiles

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Pinta Island Tortoise
Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii
June 24, 2012 Ecuador (Galapagos Islands) Lonesome George

Fish

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Greasefish
Rhizosomichthys totae
Unknown Colombia
Titicaca Orestias
Orestias cuvieri
1930s Lake Titicaca, Bolivia and Peru Titicaca Orestias

List of North American animals extinct

Mammals

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
American Cheetahs
Miracinonyx trumani & Miracinonyx inexpectatus
11000 BC. Northern North America Miracinonyx trumani
American Lion
Panthera leo atrox
11000 BC. USA, Canada and Mexico American Lion
American Mastodon
Mammut americanum
4080 BC. USA and Canada American Mastodon
American Mountain Deer
Odocoileus lucasi
10000 BC. USA
Aztlanolagus agilis 10000 BC. Southeastern Arizona to Central America Aztlanolagus agilis
Beautiful Armadillo
Dasypus bellus
8000 BC. USA to South America
Bison antiquus 10000 BC. USA and Canada Bison antiquus
Bison occidentalis 5000 BC Alaska to Minnesota
Blunt-toothed Giant Hutia
Amblyrhiza inundata
11000 BC. Northern Lesser Antilles
California Tapir
Tapirus californicus
11000 BC. USA
Camelops
Camelops sp.
8000 BC. USA and Mexico Camelops hesternus
Capromeryx
Capromeryx minor
11000 BC. USA and Mexico Capromeryx minor
Caribbean Ground Sloths 5000 BC. Caribbean Islands Acratocnus antillensis
Columbian Mammoth
Mammuthus columbi
5800 BC. USA and Mexico Columbian Mammoth
Dire Wolf
Canis dirus
8000 BC. North America Dire Wolf
Florida spectacled bear
Tremarctos floridanus
8000 BC. USA
Giant Beaver
Castoroides leiseyorum & Castoroides ohioensis
1100 BC. Canada and USA Giant Beaver
Glyptodon 10000 BC. Central America Glyptodon
Harlan’s Muskox
Bootherium bombifrons
9000 BC. North America Harlan's Muskox
Harrington’s Mountain Goat
Oreamnos harringtoni
12000 BC. USA Harrington's Mountain Goat
Holmesina septentrionalis 8000 BC. USA Holmesina occidentalis
Jefferson’s Ground Sloth
Megalonyx sp.
11000 BC. USA and Canada Jefferson's Ground Sloth
Mexican Horse
Equus conversidens
11000 BC. USA and Mexico Mexican Horse
Mylohyus 9000 BC. North America Mylohyus nasutus
Neochoerus sp.
Neochoerus aesopi & Neochoerus pinckneyi
11000 BC. Southeast USA to Panama
Osborn’s Key Mouse
Clidomys osborni
11000 BC. Jamaica
Pleistocene North American Jaguar
Panthera onca augusta’’
10000 BC. Panama to USA Pleistocene North American Jaguar
Panamerican Ground Sloth
Eremotherium eomigrans & Eremotherium laurillardi
11000 BC. USA to Panama Panamerican Ground Sloth
Paramylodon harlani 11000 BC. North America Paramylodon harlani
Plate-toothed Giant Hutia
Elasmodontomys obliquus
11000 BC. Puerto Rico
Platygonus 11000 BC. North America Platygonus compressus
Pygmy Mammoth
Mammuthus exilis
10800-11300 BC. Channel Islands of California, USA Pygmy Mammoth
Saber-tooth cat
Smilodon sp.
8000 BC. North America Smilodon
Scimitar Cats
Homotherium sp.
10000 BC. USA, Canada, Mexico Scimitar Cats
Shasta Ground Sloth
Nothrotheriops shastensis & Nothrotheriops texanus
11000 BC. USA Shasta Ground Sloth
Scott’s horse
Equus scotti’’
11000 BC. USA and Mexico Scott's Horse
Short-faced bear
Arctodus simus
8000 BC. North America Short-faced Bear
Shrub-ox
Euceratherium collinum
9500 BC. North America Shrub-Ox
Stag-moose
Cervalces scotti
12000 BC. USA and Canada Stag-Moose
Steppe Wisent
Bison priscus
11000 BC. Alaska and Yukon Steppe Wisent
Stilt-legged Llama
Hemiauchenia sp.
11000 BC. USA and Mexico
Stockoceros
Stockoceros onusrosagris
11000 BC. Southwestern North America Stockoceros
Stout-legged llama
Palaeolama ssp.
11000 BC. USA
Tapirus merriami 11000 BC. USA
Twisted-toothed Mouse
Quemisia gravis
11000 BC. Hispaniola
Ursus maritimus tyrannus 11000 BC. Arctic Ursus maritimus tyrannus
Western Horse
Equus occidentalis
10000 BC. USA Western Horse
Woolly Mammoth
Mammuthus primigenius
2000 BC. Northern USA Woolly Mammoth
Yukon Horse
Equus lambei
11000 BC. USA and Canada Yukon Horse

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Antillean Giant Rice Rat
Megalomys desmarestii
1902 France (Martinique) Antillean Giant Rice Rat
Anthony’s Woodrat
Neotoma anthonyi
1926 Mexico (Todos Los Santos Islands)
Atalaye Nesophontes
Nesophontes hypomicrus
1500s Dominican Republic and Haiti
Banks Island Wolf
Canis lupus bernardi
1920 Canada
Barbados Raccoon
Procyon lotor gloveralleni
1964 Barbados
Bunker’s Woodrat
Neotoma bunkeri
1932 Mexico (Coronados Islands)
California Golden Bear
Ursus arctos californicus
1922 California California Golden Bear
Caribbean Monk Seal
Monachus tropicalis
1952 Caribbean Sea Caribbean Monk Seal
Cascade Mountains Wolf
Canis lupus fuscus
1940 Canada and USA
Eastern Cougar
Puma concolor couguar
Unknown (declared in 2011) Eastern Canada and USA Eastern Cougar
Eastern Elk
Cervus canadensis canadiensis
1887 Eastern Canada and USA Eastern Elk
Goff’s Pocket Gopher
Geomys pinetis goffi
1955 Florida
Greater Cuban Nesophontes
Nesophontes major
1500s Cuba
Gull Island Vole
Microtus pennsylvanicus nesophilus
1897 Gull Island, New York
Insular Cave Rat
Heteropsomys insulans
circa 1600s Puerto Rico
Little Swan Island Hutia
Geocapromys thoracatus
1955 Swan Islands, Honduras Little Swan Island Hutia
Merriam’s Elk
Cervus canadensis merriami
1906 Southwestern USA
Nelson’s Rice Rat
Oryzomys nelsoni
1897 María Madre Island, Mexico Nelson's Rice Rat
Newfoundland Wolf
Canis lupus beothucu
1911 Newfoundland Newfoundland Wolf
Pallid Beach Mouse
Peromyscus polionotus decoloratus
1959 Florida
Puerto Rican Hutia
Isolobodon portoricensis
circa 1600s Hispaniola and Puerto Rico
Puerto Rican Long-nosed Bat
Monophyllus frater
circa 1600s Puerto Rico
Puerto Rican Shrew
Nesophontes edithae
circa 1600s Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Shrew
Saint Lucy Giant Rice Rat
Megalomys luciae
1852 St. Lucia St. Lucy Giant Rice Rat
Sea Mink
Neovison macrodon
1860 Atlantic Canada and New England
Smith Island Cottontail
Sylvilagus floridanus hitchensi
Before 1987 Smith Island, Virginia
Southern Rocky Mountains Wolf
Canis lupus youngi
1935 Southern Rocky Mountains, USA
Steller’s Sea Cow
Hydrodamalis gigas
1768 Commander Islands Steller's Sea Cow
Tacoma Pocket Gopher
Thomomys mazama tacomensis
1970 Washington
Tule Shrew
Sorex ornatus juncensis
1905 Baja California, Mexico

Birds

Prehistoric extinctions (begin Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Aiolornis incredibilis Late Pleistocene North America
Antillean Cave Rail
Nesotrochis debooyi
Late Pleistocene Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands Antillean Cave Rail
Californian Turkey
Meleagris californica
10,000 BC. USA
Cathartornis gracilis 10,000 BC. USA
Chendytes lawi 1800 BC. Western USA Coast Chendytes lawi
Cuban Condor
Gymnogyps varonai
Early Holocene Cuba
Daggett’s Eagle
Buteogallus daggetti
13000 BC. California and Neuvo Leon, Mexico
La Brea Stork
Ciconia maltha
10000 BC. Western, Southern USA and Cuba La Brea Stork
Saint Croix Macaw
Ara autocthones
Unknown St. Croix, Virgin Islands.
Teratorns
Teratornis merriami & Teratornis woodburnensis
8000 BC. North America Merriam's Teratorn
Woodward’s Eagle
Amplibuteo woodwardi
Late Pleistocene Caribbean

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Atitlán Grebe
Podilymbus gigas
1989 Guatemala  
Bahaman Barn Owl
Tyto pollens
circa 1500s Andros Island, Bahamas Bahaman Barn Owl
Bermuda Night Heron
Nyctanassa carcinocatactes
circa 1700s Bermuda
Brace’s Emerald
Chlorostilbon bracei
1870s Bahamas
Carolina Parakeet
Conuropsis carolinensis
1918 Eastern USA and Canada Carolina Parakeet
Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker
Campephilus principalis bairdii
1987 Cuba Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker
Cuban Red Macaw
Ara tricolor
1860s Cuba Cuban Red Macaw
Dusky Seaside Sparrow
Ammodramus maritimus nigrescens
1987 Florida Dusky Seaside Sparrow
Gould’s Emerald
Chlorostilbon elegans
Unknown Bahamas or Jamaica Gould's Emerald
Grand Cayman Thrush
Turdus ravidus
1940s Grand Cayman
Great Auk
Pinguinus impennis
1852 North Atlantic Coast Great Auk
Guadalupe Caracara
Caracara lutosa
1900 Guadalupe, Mexico Guadalupe Caracara
Guadeloupe Parakeet
Aratinga labati
circa 1700s France (Guadeloupe) Guadeloupe Parakeet
Guadeloupe Parrot
Amazona violacea
1779 France (Guadeloupe) Guadeloupe Parrot
Heath Hen
Tympanuchus cupido cupido
1932 New England Heath Hen
Lesser Antillean Macaw
Ara guadeloupensis
1760 France (Guadeloupe) Lesser Antillean Macaw
Martinique Parrot
Amazona martinicana
1779 France (Martinique) Martinique Parrot
Mauge’s Parakeet
Aratinga chloroptera maugei
1779 Mona Island, Puerto Rico Mauge's Parakeet
Passenger Pigeon
Ectopistes migratorius
1914 Eastern USA and Canada Passenger Pigeon
Slender-billed Grackle
Quiscalus palustris
1910 Central Mexico Slender-billed Grackle
Spectacled Cormorant
Phalacrocorax perspicillatus
1850 Komandorski Islands Spectacled Cormorant
Violet Macaw
Anodorhynchus purpurascens
Unknown France (Guadeloupe) Violet Macaw

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Bachman’s Warbler
Vermivora bachmanii
1988 Southeastern USA Bachman's Warbler
Eskimo Curlew
Numenius borealis
1981 Alaska to Argentina  
Guadalupe Storm Petrel
Oceanodroma macrodactyla
1912 Guadalupe, Mexico Guadalupe Storm Petrel
Imperial Woodpecker
Campephilus imperialis
1956 Mexico Imperial Woodpecker
Ivory-billed Woodpecker
Campephilus principalis
1987 Southeastern USA and Cuba Ivory-billed Woodpecker
Jamaican Petrel
Pterodroma caribbaea
1879 Jamaica Jamaican Petrel
Semper’s Warbler
Leucopeza semperi
1961 St. Lucia Semper's Warbler

Reptiles

Modern extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Guadeloupe Ameiva
Ameiva cineracea
1928 France (Guadeloupe)
Jamaica Giant Galliwasp
Celestus occiduus
1840 Jamaica Jamaica Giant Galliwasp
Navassa Curly-tailed Lizard
Leiocephalus eremitus
1917 Navassa Island, USA
Navassa Island Dwarf Boa
Tropidophis bucculentus
Late 1800s Navassa Island, USA
Navassa Island Iguana
Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis
Late 1800s Navassa Island, USA
Saint Croix Racer
Borikenophis sanctaecrucis
Unknown St. Croix, US Virgin Islands

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Culebra Island Giant Anole
Xiphosurus roosevelti
1978 Culebera Island, Puerto Rico

Amphibians

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Catahoula Salamander
Plethodon ainsworthi
1964 USA
Craugastor chrysozetetes Unknown Honduras
Craugastor escoces 1986 Costa Rica
Golden Toad
Bufo periglenes
1989 Costa Rica Golden toad

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Golden Coqui
Eleutherodactylus jasperi
1981 Puerto Rico Golden Coqui
Web-footed Coquí
Eleutherodactylus karlschmidti
1974 Puerto Rico  

Fish

Prehistoric extinctions (begin Holocene to 1500 AD)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Saber-toothed Salmon
Oncorhynchus rastrosus
Late Pleistocene Western Coast of Canada and USA Saber-toothed Salmon

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Alberca Silverside
Chirostoma bartoni
2006 Lerma River Basin, Mexico
Alvord Cutthroat Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki alvordensis
1920s Alvord Dry Lake, Oregon
Ameca Shiner
Notropis amecae
Unknown Mexico
Amistad Gambusia
Gambusia amistadensis
Unknown (declared in 1987) Goodenough Spring, Texas
Ash Meadows Killifish
Empetrichthys merriami
1948 Ash Meadows, Nevada Ash Meadows killifish
Banff Longnose Dace
Rhinichthys cataractae smithi
Unknown (declared in 1987) Banff, Alberta
Blackfin Cisco
Coregonus nigripinnis
1969 Great Lakes, Canada and USA
Blue walleye
Sander vitreus glaucus
1983 Great Lakes, Canada and USA Blue walleye
Cachorrito de la Trinidad
Cyprinodon inmemoriam
Unknown Mexico
Clear Lake Splittail
Coregonus nigripinnis
1970s Clear Lake, California
Deepwater Cisco
Coregonus johannae
1952 Great Lakes, Canada and USA
Durango Shiner
Notropis aulidion
Unknown Mexico
Graceful Priapella
Priapella bonita
Unknown Mexico
Grass Valley Speckled Dace
Rhinichthys osculus reliquus
1938 Lander County, Nevada
Harelip Sucker
Moxostoma lacerum
1893 Southeastern USA
Independence Valley Tui Chub
Gila bicolor isolata
1970s Independence Valley, Nevada
Las Vegas Dace
Rhinichthys deaconi
1986 Las Vegas Valley, USA
Longjaw Cisco
Coregonus alpenae
1975 Great Lakes, Canada and USA
Maryland Darter
Etheostoma sellare
1988 Deer Creek, Maryland
Mexican Dace
Evarra bustamanteiEvarra eigenmanni and Evarra tlahuacensis
Unknown Mexico
Pahranagat Spinedace
Lepidomeda altivelis
Unknown Pahranagat Valley, Nevada
Phantom Shiner
Notropis orca
1975 Rio Grande Basin, Mexico and USA
Raycraft Ranch Killifish
Empetrichthys latos concavus
Unknown Raycraft Ranch, Nevada
San Marcos Gambusia
Gambusia georgei
1983 San Marcos Spring, Texas
Shortnose Cisco
Coregonus reighardi
1985 Great Lakes, Canada and USA Shortnose Cisco
Silver Trout
Salvelinus agassizi
1930 Dublin Pond, New Hampshire Silver Trout
Snake River Sucker
Ameiva cineracea
Unknown Snake River, Wyoming
Tecopa Pupfish
Cyprinodon nevadensis calidae
1979 Majavo Desert Springs, California Tecopa Pupfish
Thicktail Chub
Gila crassicauda
1950s Central Valley of California Thicktail Chub
Utah Lake Sculpin
Cottus echinatus
1928 Utah Lake, Utah
Villa Lopez Pupfish
Cyprinodon ceciliae
Unknown Mexico
Yellowfin Cutthroat Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki macdonald
After 1903 Twin Lakes, Colorado

Mammals

  • Antillean Giant Rice Rat, Megalomys desmarestii (1902)

Birds

  • Guadeloupe Burrowing Owl, Speotyto cunicularia guadeloupensis
  • Guadeloupe Parakeet, Aratinga labati (18th Century, hypothetical)
  • Guadeloupe Parrot, Amazona violacea (1779)
  • Lesser Antillean Macaw, Ara guadeloupensis (1760, hypothetical))
  • Martinique House Wren, Troglodytes aedon martinicensis
  • Martinique Parrot, Amazona martinicana (1779, hypothetical)

Reptiles[edit]

  • Martinique Giant Ameiva, Ameiva major
  • Martinique Lizard, Leiocephalus herminieri (1830s)
  • Ameiva cineracea (early 20th Century, Guadeloupe)

Mammals

One extinct undescribed species of a bat is known only from fossils.

Birds

Pre-European Extinctions

 The Moa-nalo
  • Apteribis, Maui and Molokai, 200,000 years ago
  • Giant Amakihi, Big Island, Hawaii, 1000 BC
  • Great Maui Crake, Maui, 1200s
  • Kauaʻi Finch, Kauaʻi and Oʻahu, Hawaii, Early 1500s
  • Kaua’i Mole Duck, Kaua’i, 4050 BC
  • Kaua’i Palila, Kaua’i, 1750s?
  • Maui Nui Finch, Maui and Molokaʻi, Hawaii, Early 1100s
  • Moa-nalo, Hawaii, 1000s AD
  • Nēnē-nui, Hawaii, 1000s AD
  • Oʻahu Grosbeak, Oʻahu and Maui, Hawaii, Before 1778
  • O’ahu Petrel, Hawaii, Before 1778
  • Pila’s Palila, Kauaʻi, Hawaii – possibly survived until early 18th century
  • Primitive Koa-finch, Oʻahu and Maui, Hawaii, Before 1778
  • Scissor-billed Koa-finch fossils on Kauaʻi, and Maui, Hawaii, Before 1778
  • Stout-legged Finch, Kauaʻi, Hawaii, Unknown
  • Wood Harrier, Maui and Molokai, Unknown

Post-European Extinctions (1778)

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
ʻĀmaui
Myadestes woahensis
1850s Oahu
Bishop’s ʻŌʻō
Moho bishopi
1904 Molokai and Maui Bishop's ʻŌʻō
Black Mamo
Drepanis funerea
1907 Molokai and Maui Black Mamo
Greater ʻAmakihi
Hemignathus sagittirostris
1901 Hawaii/Big Island Greater ʻAmakihi
Greater Koa Finch
Rhodacanthis palmeri
1896 Hawaii/Big Island Greater Koa Finch
Hawaiʻi ʻAkialoa
Hemignathus obscurus
1940 Hawaii/Big Island Hawaiʻi ʻAkialoa
Hawai’i Mamo
Drepanis pacifica
July 1898 Hawaiian Islands Hawai'i Mamo
Hawaiʻi ʻŌʻō
Moho nobilis
1934 Hawaii/Big Island Hawaiʻi ʻŌʻō
Hawaiian Rail
Porzana sandwichensis
1883 Hawaii/Big Island Hawaiian Rail
Kāmaʻo
Myadestes myadestinus
1989 Kauaʻi Kāmaʻo
Kauaʻi ʻAkialoa
Hemignathus ellisianus stejnegeri
1965 Kauaʻi Kauaʻi ʻAkialoa
Kauaʻi ʻŌʻō
Moho braccatus
1987 Kauaʻi Kauaʻi ʻŌʻō
Kioea
Chaetoptila angustipluma
1859 Hawaii/Big Island Kioea
Kona Grosbeak
Chloridops kona
1894 Hawaii/Big Island Kona Grosbeak
Lāna’i Hookbill
Dysmorodrepanis munroi
1918 Lāna’i Lāna'i Hookbill
Laysan Rail
Porzana palmeri
1944 Laysan Laysan Rail
Laysan Honeycreeper
Himatione sanguinea freethi
1923 Laysan Laysan Honeycreeper
Laysan Millerbird
Acrocephalus familiaris familiaris
1910s Laysan Laysan Millerbird
Lesser Koa Finch
Rhodacanthis flaviceps
1891 Hawaii/Big Island Lesser Koa Finch
Molokaʻi Creeper
Paroreomyza flammea
1963 Molokaʻi Molokaʻi Creeper
Oʻahu ʻŌʻō
Moho apicalis
1837 O‘ahu Oʻahu ʻŌʻō
Oahu ‘Akialoa
Hemignathus ellisianus ellisanus
1940 O‘ahu Oahu 'Akialoa
Oʻahu Nukupuʻu
Hemignathus lucidus lucidus
1837 O‘ahu Oʻahu Nukupuʻu
Ula-’ai-hawane,
Ciridops anna
1892 Hawaii/Big Island Ula-'ai-hawane,

Possibly Extinct

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Nukupu‘u
Hemignathus lucidus
1998 Kaua’I, Maui and O’ahu Nukupu‘u
Oʻahu ʻAlauahio
Paroreomyza maculata
1985 O‘ahu Oʻahu ʻAlauahio
Olomaʻo
Myadestes lanaiensis
1980 O‘ahu Olomaʻo
ʻŌʻū
Psittirostra psittacea
1987 Hawaiian Islands ʻŌʻū
Poʻouli
Melamprosops phaeosoma
November 26, 2004 Maui Poʻouli

Insects[edit]

Common Name\Scientific Name Extinction Date Range Image
Black-Veined Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Agrotis melanoneura
Unknown Hawaii
Clavicoccus erinaceus Unknown O’ahu
Confused Moth
Helicoverpa confusa
Unknown Hawaii
Drosophila lanaiensis Unknown Lana’i
Dryophthorus distinguendus Unknown Lana’i
Genophantis leahi Unknown Maui, Oahu, Molokai and Hawaii
Kauai Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Agrotis tephrias
Unknown Kauai
Kona Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Agrotis panoplias
Unknown Hawaii Kona Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Kona Giant Looper Moth
Scotorythra megalophylla
Unknown Hawaii Kona Giant Looper Moth
Laysan Noctuid Moth
Agrotis laysanensis
Unknown Laysan Laysan Noctuid Moth
Light-loving Noctuid Moth
Agrotis photophila
1900 O’ahu
Maui Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Agrotis cremata
Unknown Maui
Microreas Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Agrotis microreas
Unknown Hawaii Microreas Agrotis Noctuid Moth
Midway Noctuid Moth
Agrotis fasciata
Unknown Midway Midway Noctuid Moth
Poko Noctuid Moth
Agrotis crinigera
1927 Maui, Hawaii and Oahu


List of extinct animals of Europe

Globally Extinct Mammals

  • Aurochs - human-caused
  • European Lion - human-caused
  • Gray whale - c. 1700; human-caused
  • Irish Elk
  • Monk seal - c. 1950; human-caused
  • Pyrenean Ibex - c. 1900 in Catalonia, 2000 in Aragón (project of cloning by Advanced Cell Technology and the Aragon government, one ibex lived for 7 minutes in 2009); human-caused
  • Saiga Antelope
  • Wild horse
  • Woolly Mammoth
  • Woolly Rhinoceros

Locally Extinct Species

Locally Extinct Mammals

  • Brown Bear - c. 1980 (reintroduced in 1996); human-caused
  • Wolverine

Locally Extinct Birds

  • Great Bustard - c. 1950 (some wandering individuals from Castile); human-caused

Locally Extinct Fish

  • Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) - c. 1950; human-caused
  • Common Sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) - c. 1950; human-caused

Mammals

  • Aurochs, Bostaurus primigenius primigenius (Unknown date)
  • Tarpan, Equus cabalus gmelinni (Unknown date)
  • Caucasian Moose

Locally extinct species

  • Asiatic Lion, Panthera leo persica (10th century)

Mammals

  • Arctic lemming – c. 8000 BC
  • Aurochs – c. 1000 BC
  • Brown bear – c. AD 1000 (may be as early as 500 AD)
  • Coypu – 1987 (non-native)
  • Elk Alces alces – c. 1500 BC
  • Eurasian lynx – c. AD 400
  • Grey whale – c. 500 BC
  • Grey wolf – AD 1680 in Britain, AD 1786 in Ireland
  • Irish elk – c. 6000 BC
  • Narrow-headed vole – c. 8000 BC
  • Pika – c. 8000 BC
  • Root vole – c. 1500 BC
  • Saiga antelope – c. 10,000 BC
  • Steppe lemming – c. 8000 BC
  • Tarpan – c. 7000 BC
  • Walrus – c. 1000 BC
  • Wisent – c. 3000 BC
  • Wolverine – c. 6000 BC
  • Woolly mammoth – c. 10,000 BC
  • Woolly rhinoceros – c. 10,000 BC
  • Cave lion - c. 10,000 BC

Birds

  • Great White Pelican – c. 1000 BC
  • Great Auk – 1844

Fish

  • Burbot – 1972
  • Houting

Amphibians

  • Agile frog – c. 1000 AD
  • Moor frog – c. 1000 AD

Reptiles

  • European pond terrapin – ≤ 3000 BC

Mammals

  1. Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus: EN
  2. Barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus: VU
  3. Gray Wolf* Canis lupus: VU
  4. Brown Bear* Ursus arctos: VU
  5. Wild Goat* Capra aegagrus: VU
  6. Red Deer* Cervus elaphus: EN
  7. Snow Vole Chionomys nivalis:NT
  8. Sardinian Pika Prolagus sardus: EX
  9. Mouflon* Ovis orientalis: CR
  10. Eurasian Lynx* Lynx lynx: LC
  11. wild boar*

Birds

  1. White Stork* Ciconia ciconia: CR
  2. Black Stork* Ciconia nigra: CR
  3. Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris: CR
  4. Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus: EN
  5. Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius: CR
  6. Great Bustard Otis tarda: VU

Extinct Species

  1. European Mink – Mustela lutreola Linnaeus, 1761
  2. Brown bear – Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758
  3. Garden Dormouse – Eliomys quercinus (Linnaeus,)

Extinct Species

  1. Common sturgeon of Europe – Acipenser sturio Linnaeus, 1758
  2. Zope – Ballerus ballerus (Linnaeus, 1758).

Extinct Species

  1. Freshwater pearl mussel – Margaritifera margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758

Extinct Species

  1. Lucanus cervus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  2. Hamearis lucina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  3. Lithostege griseata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)[4]
  4. Xylocopa valga Gerstaecker, 1872

Mammals

  • Alces alces alces - European elk (1025)
  • Barbastellus barbastellus - Barbastelle bat
  • Bos primigenius primigenius - Aurochs (400 AD)
  • Canis lupus lupus - Gray wolf (1897)
  • Equus ferus - Tarpan
  • Eschrichtuis robustus - Gray whale (340 BC)
  • Eubalaena glacialis - North Atlantic right whale (end Middle Ages)
  • Lynx lynx lynx - Eurasian lynx (Roman period)
  • Mustela lutreola - European mink (1887)
  • Rhinolophus ferrumequinum - Greater horseshoe bat (1974)
  • Rhinolophus hipposideros - Lesser horseshoe bat (1983)
  • Tursiops truncatus - Bottlenose dolphin (1932)
  • Ursus arctos arctos - Brown bear (eleventh century)

Birds

  • Pinguinus impennis - Great auk - globally extinct
  • Tringa glareola - Wood sandpiper (1939) – does not nest in the Netherlands any more, but they can be found during the migration period.

Fish

  • Acipenser sturio - European sea sturgeon
  • Alosa alosa - Allis shad (1993)
  • Alosa fallax - Twaite shad (1970)
  • Coregonus oxyrinchus - Houting (1940)
  • Hippocampus ramulosus - Common seahorse
  • Thymallus thymallus - Grayling
  • Salmo trutta fario - Brown trout
  • Syngnathus typhle - Deepnosed pipefis

 

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